Goal 1: Protect, restore, and enhance urban habitats for birds


The widespread loss and degradation of habitat is the biggest driver of bird population declines. Human development of the natural landscape has resulted in the destruction and degradation of habitat for many species of birds and the trends in urban sprawl continue. Over 80% of the U.S. population is urbanized and over half of the land area in the U.S. is occupied by humans. For this reason, conserving, restoring, and managing urban habitats for birds is a major goal of the Urban Bird Treaty program.


  • Create, restore, and ensure best management practices for bird habitat
  • Promote native and beneficial plants for birds
  • Support focal species
  • Ensure clean water and natural waterways

Activities: As areas in Nashville are threatened by pollution and habitat fragmentation, UBT partners across the city are working together to conserve green space and urban habitats for birds. Nonprofits, private businesses, non-governmental landowners and government agencies are working together to conserve and ensure best management practices for bird habitat through land acquisitions and projects focused on habitat protection and restoration. In addition to seasonal management practices to protect public lands, efforts are also underway to receive approval for natural area designations that would be managed for the benefit of native plants, wildlife, and ecosystems.

As efforts are targeted towards the conservation and acquisition of land, there’s also been a growing emphasis on promoting native and beneficial plants within the Nashville area. Species lists of both birds and plants are being developed to help identify which birds are of greatest concern, which areas/habitats they inhabit, and what native trees, shrubs, and plants can be incorporated into land areas to best support those birds throughout the year.

The Cumberland River, an almost 700-mile-long waterway, runs through downtown Nashville and while this river seemingly splits the city into two pieces, it’s one of Nashville’s most unifying features. The Cumberland River is a highly biologically diverse home to hundreds of fish species, offering shelter and food to birds, and providing the city with drinking water along with recreational activities. One of the Nashville Bird Agenda’s primary goals is to ensure clean water and natural waterways through legislation and habitat restoration projects to maintain the quality of water for all who depend on it.

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